Internet of Things is built on cloud computing and networks of data-gathering sensors. Of all the technology trends that are taking place right now, perhaps the biggest one is the Internet of Things.
The term Internet of Things was first used by Kevin Ashton in 1999.
The Internet of Things increased machine-to-machine communication and it’s going to make everything in our lives from streetlights to seaports “smart”.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction. Each thing is uniquely identifiable through its embedded computing system but is able to interoperate within the existing Internet infrastructure. Experts estimate that the IoT will consist of almost 50 billion objects by 2020.
The Internet of Things can be a person with a heart monitor implant, a farm animal with a biochip transponder, an automobile that has built-in sensors to alert the driver when tire pressure is low or any other natural or man-made object that can be assigned an IP address and provided with the ability to transfer data over a network.
Its main focused is on connecting devices and applications to each other (autonomous data, device/app, personal devices interacting server/cloud processing of same), rather than people to people (social, communications apps).